FLORICULTURE & SEEDS

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  • Country Origin: India
IMAGE 1- Floriculture products mainly consist of cut flowers, pot plants, cut foilage, seeds bulbs, tubers, rooted cuttings and dried flowers or leaves. The important floricultural crops in the international cut flower trade are rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, gargera, gladiolus, gypsophila, liastris, nerine, orchids, archilea, anthuriu, tulip, and lilies. Floriculture crops like gerberas, carnation, etc. are grown in green houses. The open field crops are chrysanthemum, roses, gaillardia, lily marygold, aster, tuberose / IMAGE 2- FRUITS AND VEGETABLES SEEDS Fruits & Vegetable Seed in India is being viewed as a high growth Industry. Most seeds normally remain viable for 2 or 3 years if stored under good conditions. Therefore, buy only from seed firm of known integrity. High yielding, high price seeds should have 90% germination. For germination of seeds adequate moisture, temperature and aeration are essential. The requirement of temperature for various fruits and vegetable seeds varies markedly. Some seeds do not germinate at low temperature while some others at high. Usually germination is optimum in between 400 F and 600 F. Seeds absorb moisture and swell and vital activities starts. Respiration begins and energy is supplied and this requires oxygen. Aeration is essential to supply oxygen. If supply of water is more or over wet aeration is poor and may hinder in germination. The first eliminates organisms present on the surface of seeds. Calcium hypochlorite, mercuric chloride and bromide water may be used.