IMAGE 1- White truffle
Tuber magnatum Pico
Gold in the kitchen, major element of gastronomy. White truffle is the most rare and expensive species of truffle. It has an irregular shape, due to the ground where it grows. The surface is smooth, soft, yellow or olive yellow. Its gleba is brown hazelnut and in some cases it has shade of red with small light veins. It releases a strong pleasant smell. Harvest period:
/ IMAGE 2- Black winter truffle
Tuber melanosporum Vitt.
Known as truffle of Norcia and in France as Périgord truffle, it is the king among black truffle. Thanks to its exquisite flavour it is also called black sweet truffle. Usually it is roundish but is common to find it with irregular shape. The surface is black with small polygonal warts. At peak of ripeness its gleba is black-purple with faint white veins. It emanates an aromatic pleasant smell. Harvest period:
/ IMAGE 3- Black Summer Truffle
Tuber aestivum Vitt.
Famous also with the name of Scorzone, it is not considered a precious truffle nevertheless it is well apreciated for its uses in the kitchen. The surface is black, with big and pyramidal warts. Gleba is yellowsh/bronze in ripe truffle with light veins. It releases a delicate odour who recalls the smell of mushrooms. Harvest period: May – September.
/ IMAGE 4- White Spring Truffle
Tuber albidum Pico
It is similar to the white truffle, but smaller, less perfumed and less expensive. The surface is smooth with a yellow-orange colour. It has a reddish-brown gleba with numerous branch veins. It releases a smell who remind the garlic. Harvest period: January – April.
/ IMAGE 5- Black Autumn Truffle
Tuber uncinatum Chatin
It is so much similar to the Summer truffle, that it is considered by some scientists as an Autumn variant of the Tuber aestivum Vitt. Its name comes from the hook-shaped crests of its spores. The surface has smaller warts than those of Summer truffle; its gleba changes between dark hezelnut and chocolate with numerous light veins. The odour is stronger and more pleasant than Tuber aestivum Vitt. Harvest period: September – December.